In 79AD this remarkable aristocratic resort town was submerged under a torrent of mud and lava from the same eruption that destroyed Pompeii. Rediscovered by well-diggers in the 18th-century, excavation continues to this day - a delicate operation as much of the site is covered by modern buildings. Herculaneum is smaller than Pompeii, but its size and better preservation gives us a more immediate sense of the shape and ambience of a Roman town. While Pompeii was burned out with volcanic cinders, the mud swamping Herculaneum covered the houses in a protective crust, which kept upper storeys and even some of the woodwork and mosaics intact. Even a few of the gardens have been lovingly replanted.
- SUITABILITY Large amount of physical activity.